Swachh Bharat Mission

A view of a street in New Delhi, India

On 02nd October 2014 as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary, the Government of India launched a campaign to eradicate and solve the sanitation and waste management of India. The Swachh Bharat Mission or the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan under the Ministry of Urban Development was a nationwide initiative. As a tribute to the father of the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi chose this date with an aim to achieve a ‘Clean India’ by 02nd October 2019. It not only aims to create sanitation facilities but also to provide a toilet for every household in the villages.

The Swachh Bharat Mission has been termed as world’s ‘biggest sanitation movement’ by the World Bank. The shrine of Mata Vaishnodevi in Jammu and Kashmir has also been declared as the ‘cleanest religious place’ under the Swachh Bharat Mission.

The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin/Rural) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) are the two submissions.

The objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin/Rural) are as follows:

  • to bring an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.
  • to speed up the sanitation coverage and achieve its vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019.
  • promote sustainable sanitation facilities by motivating communities through awareness programmes and health education.
  • to encourage cost-effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
  • to develop community managed sanitation systems focusing on Solid and Liquid Waste Managment systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
  • to create a significant positive impact on gender and promote social inclusion by improving sanitation especially in marginalized communities.

The Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) includes the following objectives:

  • to eliminate open defecation.
  • to eradicate manual scavenging by converting insanitary toilets to sanitary.
  • to recycle, collect and scientifically dispose and manage Municipal Solid Waste.
  • to bring effective behavioural change regarding healthy sanitation practices.
  • to generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health.
  • to create an enabling environment for private sector participation.


Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, PM of India, Prime Minister’s Office

External links:

Government of India – Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs – Swachh Bharat Mission

IBEF – Case Study: Swachh Bharat Mission

Goa University – Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Last Updated: April 10, 2019

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